medicine and wellness, nutrition education and physical training, from 20 to 35 years

my advice for health and well-being from 20 to 35 years

my advice for healthy eating from 20 to 35 years

my advice for physical activity from 20 to 35 years

General Medicine

Clinical examinations and instrumental examinations

To young women and young men in this age group we recommend a periodic check-up, perhaps yearly, by your General Practitioner who will decide, depending on your state of health, the possible prescription of further specialist visits and the frequency of any clinical and instrumental checks such as, by way of example only :

  • periodic gynecological examinations for women, including pap test and breast control. Do not be afraid to ask your General Practitioner for advice about a possible contraceptive method;
  • preconception visit to both women and men.

Take care, in this age group, to regularly check your body weight, and avoid glaring weight changes; its stability is a sign of good health, as is being in normal weight (corresponding to a body mass index - BMI or BMI / Body Mass Index between 18.50 and 24.99)


In this age group, the vaccination schedule prepared by the Ministry of Health provides for the following vaccinations:

• recall of the vaccine against diphtheria, tetanus and pertussis every 10 years

• vaccine against measles mumps rubella (if susceptible subject, because it did not have even one of the 3 diseases or was not previously vaccinated with 2 doses)

• varicella vaccine (if susceptible, because it did not have the disease or was not previously vaccinated with 2 doses)

• HPV vaccine within 25-29 years (each region has an age limit) if not previously performed

• seasonal flu vaccine in women during the II-III trimester of each pregnancy

• pertussis vaccine in women during the third trimester of each pregnancy (ideally around the 28th week) 

Cancer screening

To young women aged 25 and above we recommend joining the screening campaigns promoted by the Ministry of Health, adhering to the invitation that will be sent to you by the ASP of residence, and regularly submitting you (every 3 years) to the screening test (which traditionally is the pap test).

T Also keep in mind that Italy is committed to organizing a more cost-effective screening program that plans to run from age 30 (to 64), a test to identify Papillomavirus infection (first level test: HPV -DNA). This new type of screening program should be available throughout Italy from 2018.

Every woman and every man in this age group can do much, with little, to stay healthy, learning to eat in a varied and balanced way since she is still very young, avoiding smoking and alcohol, maintaining a adequate body weight and regular physical activity. 

I assure you, this is the best investment you can make for your health and well-being from today for all your future!


Nutrition and nutrition education

A varied and balanced diet will guarantee you an optimal nutrient supply and, thanks to it, you will ensure the intake of substances that play a protective and preventive role against various pathological conditions.

Several studies indicate that what we eat influences not only pregnancy and the future of newborns but also fertility. It is therefore advisable that you pay attention to feeding your food also with a view to a future desire for motherhood and fatherhood.  The Mediterranean diet is very rich in antioxidants that protect eggs (and sperm) from the attack of infectious agents and pollutants.

The correct diet of the future mother, then, is important because, not only helps to carry on the pregnancy in the best way by reducing the risk of preterm labor, gestational diabetes but also because the fetus also benefits from a healthy diet.

Even the man with the desire for paternity can give his spermatozoa a boost of energy by observing small and simple food tricks.

For the woman who wishes to conceive a child, it is also very important to maintain a healthy weight, as both excess weight and extreme thinness have a negative effect on fertility.

Preventive and therapeutic physical training

Although at any age you can perform a good amount of physical activity simply by performing normal activities in everyday life (for example, walking briskly, walking the stairs, going to work by bike), practicing regular moderate physical activity, and so on. greatly to keep you in good health, and at this age you can make very few excuses for not going to the gym and doing regular physical activity! 

I will never be tired of reiterating it: the importance of regular physical activity is in reducing the risk of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, breast and colon cancer.

The current recommendations suggest a minimum of 150 minutes of moderate intensity aerobic physical activity or a minimum of 75 minutes of vigorous activity plus strengthening exercises for the major muscle groups 2 or more times a week during the week. Even with minimal amounts of physical activity (eg 60 minutes a week), sedentaries gain health benefits.

All the physical activity that you will be able to do beyond the minimum recommended will bring further benefits to mental and physical health and to the prevention of chronic diseases.

Paola Micale 2019 - Contacts